Rustication is an architectural treatment technique used in masonry, in which the joints between stones or bricks are marked out as grooves. This technique is typically employed to provide contrasting textures and create a sense of depth and visual interest in a buildings fašade.
The process of rustication involves cutting or carving grooves into the surface of the masonry units, usually in a regular pattern. These grooves are often wider and deeper than the standard mortar joints used in traditional masonry construction. The grooves are meant to simulate the appearance of rough-hewn or rusticated stone, hence the name.
Rustication can be applied to a variety of building elements, including window surrounds, doorways, column bases, and even entire facades. It is commonly seen in architectural styles such as Renaissance, Baroque, and Neoclassical, where it is used to add visual distinction to the buildings exterior.
In addition to its aesthetic purpose, rustication can also serve functional roles. The grooves created by rustication can help to drain water away from the masonry units, preventing moisture buildup and reducing the risk of damage from freezing and thawing cycles.
Rustication is a decorative technique in masonry that involves marking out joints as grooves. It adds a distinctive texture and visual appeal to buildings, while also serving functional purposes in terms of drainage and protection against moisture-related issues.
Architectural treatment of masonry, in which the joints are marked out as grooves.