Italian chest or box with carved, painted, or inlaid decoration. Cassone is the Italian word for large chest or trunk. In terms of furniture, a cassone refers to a type of Italian Renaissance trunk or chest that was primarily used for storage. Cassoni (plural of cassone) were typically made of wood and were elaborately decorated with intricate carvings, inlay work, or painted scenes. These chests were often used to store clothes, textiles, and valuable possessions and were an important part of a households display and prestige.