Wave scroll, continuous spiral band decoration, also known as Vitruvian scroll or Running dog, is a type of ornamental design commonly found in various architectural styles, decorative arts, and artifacts.
The wave scroll pattern features a repeating motif that resembles a series of flowing waves or spirals. It typically consists of interlocking or overlapping curvilinear forms that create a sense of movement and rhythm. These scrolls are often characterized by their organic and symmetrical patterns, which give them a timeless and elegant quality.
The term Vitruvian scroll is derived from the ancient Roman architect Vitruvius, who extensively studied the principles of proportions and harmony in architecture. This type of scroll design is believed to be inspired by the harmonious proportions found in nature, reflecting the principles of balance and order.
The alternate name Running dog is believed to have originated from the resemblance of the scrolling pattern to a stylized dog or hound running in profile. This name may have been influenced by the belief that dogs symbolize loyalty, protection, and good fortune in various cultures.
The wave scroll, Vitruvian scroll, or Running dog decoration is commonly found in diverse forms of art and architecture, including ancient Greek and Roman buildings, classical revival styles, Gothic architecture, and more. It can be seen in friezes, cornices, columns, moldings, ceramics, textiles, and other decorative elements.
The charm of the wave scroll pattern lies in its ability to enhance the visual appeal of structures and objects through its graceful and dynamic nature. Its flowing lines and interconnected forms create a sense of movement and energy, adding an aesthetic flourish to various architectural and decorative compositions.