A serrated, sawtooth, or zigzag ornament is a specific style of notched dentil used in architectural design. It is characterized by a repetitive pattern of small, tooth-like projections that resemble serrated edges, saw teeth, or zigzag shapes. These ornaments are commonly found in classical architecture, particularly in the entablatures of buildings, where they are used to provide decorative detailing and add visual interest to the structure.
The serrated, sawtooth, or zigzag ornament is typically carved or molded onto the horizontal band of trim known as the dentil course, which is located beneath the cornice of a building. The dentil course consists of evenly spaced rectangular blocks, referred to as dentils, which are usually simple and rectangular in shape.
However, the addition of the serrated, sawtooth, or zigzag ornament transforms the dentils into more intricate and visually striking elements. These notched dentils create a sense of rhythm and complexity, enhancing the overall architectural design.
This specific ornamentation style is often associated with historical architectural periods such as the Classical Greek and Roman architecture, where it played a significant role in defining the visual language of the time. However, it has also been adapted and utilized in later architectural styles, as well as in contemporary designs that draw inspiration from classical elements.
In summary, the serrated, sawtooth, or zigzag ornament is a distinctive form of notched dentil that adds decorative detailing and visual interest to the entablatures of buildings. Its repetitive pattern of tooth-like projections, resembling serrated edges, saw teeth, or zigzag shapes, creates a unique and intricate architectural feature.
Sawtooth or zigzag ornament, a form of notched dentil.