Sella, in ancient Rome, was the general term used for most types of seating forms. It referred to a variety of seats and chairs used by the Romans in their daily lives. The term sella encompassed different styles and designs, often categorized based on their function and social status of the user.
One of the most common types of sella was the sella curulis. This was a folding chair used by magistrates, high-ranking officials, and other important figures. The sella curulis was often made of wood or ivory and had a curved X-shaped base that could be collapsed for easy transportation. It symbolized power and authority and was a significant part of Roman political and social ceremonies.
Another type of sella was the sella gestatoria, which was a portable throne-like chair used to carry important individuals, such as emperors, during public processions. The sella gestatoria was usually richly decorated and had poles attached to it for easy transportation by bearers.
There were also various types of chairs for everyday use, such as the sella sellaris or the sella cathedra. These were more common seats found in households and were typically made of wood. They ranged from simple designs to more elaborate and ornate ones, depending on the social status and wealth of the owner.
Sella was a broad term encompassing a wide range of seating forms used by the ancient Romans. From portable thrones to everyday chairs, these seats played an essential role in Roman society, reflecting social status, power, and comfort.