In furniture terminology, the term Commonwealth typically refers to a specific style or period of furniture design associated with the Commonwealth of England, which existed during the mid-17th century. Commonwealth furniture often reflects a simpler, more rustic style compared to the elaborate designs of the preceding Stuart era. It is characterized by clean lines, sturdy construction, and minimal ornamentation. This style emerged as a response to the political and social changes occurring during that time. Puritan or Cromwellian period in English history.